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Optimal physical and mental health, including access to cost-effective prevention, early diagnosis, and personalized therapy for individuals and communities.


Goal 5: Modern, Sustainable & Universally Accessible Health Care System


Goal 5 The Bahamas will have a modern, sustainable & universally accessible health care system that is wellness focused and delivers continuously improving outcomes.


Challenges addressed:  Access to health care especially by the vulnerable communities  Cost of health care to the individual and the government Mortality and the state of health of the nation  Impact of aging population Quality of the labour force


Risk Assessment  Lack of buy-in and commitment to the effort by all sectors of the community  Inability to find healthy food options that are comparable to the cost of fast food  Lack of places to exercise ; facilities and security concerns


Indicators of Success 1. Reduction in non-communicable diseases 2. Reduction in obesity 3. Reduction in alcohol, tobacco and drug use

Strategy 5.1: Universal Access

5.1.5 Improve health education and awareness  Public education campaigns on the determinants of poor health including:  Education on nutrition and the importance of physical activity The importance of preventative care and wellness visits  Oral and physical hygiene Sexual and reproductive health Nutrition programs in schools Introduction of more intensive physical education in the curriculum  Training and Certification of school lunch vendors on nutrition Introduction of nutrition programs in the government run contained communities and facilities e.g. Prisons, children’s homes, day-cares, etc.  A national well published schedule for runs and walk … weekly Bahamians have longer healthier lives Lower overall mortality The development of a wellness culture in the population The Bahamas develops a reputation as a healthy city and a place for wellness

5.1.8 Integrate non-traditional health providers and medicine into the umbrella of health  Database of the nontraditional health options available: types of services, products, providers, alternative medicines, etc.  Published standards for nontraditional specialist (to facilitate accreditation) Development of standards and or codes for non-traditional products and practices  Fully inclusive medical health Potential for development of non-traditional medical sector – tourism, small business, export potential  Insurance coverage for nontraditional health programs and visits

5.1.10 Ensure that specialized health care needs are met.  Mobile community clinics able to provide (with specialized staff where necessary) occupational therapy and treat and support all persons with disabilities  Hiring of additional specialized medical staff to meet the needs of persons with disabilities Institution of a programme of semi-monthly visit to family islands of specialized medical staff  Provision of post-adolescent assistant living facilities for independent living for persons living with disabilities.

Ensure that the specialized needs of persons (e.g. rehabilitative care) are met closer to their communities

Strategy 5.2 Sustainable Funding

5.2.1: Explore funding options and opportunities, including partnerships  Production of report looking at comparative funding models Development of Health partnerships  Approval by cabinet on health care financing through bond issuances Utilise crowd-funding and philanthropic opportunities/ to facilitate charitable donations to health care

5.2.2 Improve the linkage between the cost of health care and the contributors to poor health practices -  Improve the national understanding of the relationship between the consumption of specific food types and poor health

5.3.2 Increase the focus on disease prevention and health promotion  Larger number of prevention and promotion services available in local communities and non-traditional areas.  Increased awareness of prevention and promotion by health care providers Annual National education campaigns focused on prevention and wellness  Programs instituted in schools, prisons, educational institutions etc. Lower cost wellness visits aimed at earlier identification of diseases Incentivize health care professionals to partake in retraining programmes that focus on early identification  Broaden the role of school nurses to assist in education and disease identification Mobile community clinics visiting communities, the elderly and shut in on an established frequency to facilitate early disease identification and prevention Health care providers and a health care system that is prevention focused

Strategy 5.4 Health and Wellness​

5.4.1 Implementation of the strategic plan to facilitate the reduction in the consumption of tobacco (Linked to the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC))

Enactment of the National Tobacco Control legislation - Prevents smoking in public spaces, enclosed environments or with 10 feet of buildings - Regulates the trade, promotion, sponsorship of tobacco products  Launch of mass media campaigns to educate the public on the dangers of smoking and impact of second hand smoke (campaigns should also be able to be assessable to persons with disabilities) Launch of anti-smoking campaigns in schools and other institutions of learning

5.4.2 Reduce alcohol consumption nationally - Launch of public education campaigns on the dangers of alcohol consumption. (Campaigns should also be able to be assessable to persons with disabilities)

5.4.3 Promote Healthy Eating Introduction of a ban on the sale and consumption of soda and other sugary drinks at all medical facilities, schools (including universities) and public building with strong penalties for violation of the ban  Launch of an education campaign on eating healthy (Campaigns should also be able to be assessable to persons with disabilities) Introduction of nationally funded wellness and weightloss programmes for persons with a BMI over 35 Nutrition classes at schools  Require vendors at schools to undertake nutrition classes All lunch vendors at school should be required to provide healthy meals.

5.4.4 Become an active society - Launch of an education campaign focused on the importance and benefits of being more active  Development of community based physical activity programmes School policies and programs that require increased physical activity at all grade levels in school  Creation of hikes and other wellness walks… useful for tourism as well as local activity Increase in the number of and improvements in community parks – (including safe spaces for exercise and play in high risk communities)  The creation of bike and pedestrian trails and other infrastructural requirements Rent a Bike stations in the downtown corridor (local and tourist use) National race and walking programmes database

5.4.7 Adopt a national response to food and nutrition security  National Food and Nutrition Security Policy drafted and implemented  More informed consumer with sufficient knowledge about the relationship between dietary practices and physical fitness, to protect their health, well-being and the environment.  Increased supply of safe, nutritious foods are available to the public

Strategy 5.6: Reproductive and Sexual Health

5.6.1 Promote maternal and prenatal care  Creation of training materials and the launch of training programs

5.6.2 Increase support for young mothers  Training programs on how to access parenting classes  Contraceptive counselling included as a mandatory part of patient visits

5.6.3 Improve the early detection of STIs - The Launch of public education campaigns  Implementation of the “Focus on Youth Programs” (Sexual Risk Reduction Program)

5.6.4 Strengthen education for high risk population - adult, senior and adolescent sex education - Creation of training materials and the launch of training programs specifically for adolescents and seniors  Support for mothers and care givers to teach them how to talk to their kids and patients on sexual health

5.6.4 Strengthen access to family planning and contraception -Improved access to family planning for sexually active persons  Provision of support (counselling and mental health care) for women facing unwanted pregnancies. Provision of long acting reversible contraceptives to  Reduction in unwanted pregnancies Improve equity with respect to women’s sexual health impact all sexually active women of child bearing age, including adolescents

Strategy 5.7 Mental Health

5.7.5 Work with government agencies, private enterprises and civil society to increase awareness of mental illnesses and addiction - Development of resource material on Mental Health  Launch of public education campaigns nationally and at the community level Development of community programs to provide support programs for families and individuals. E.g. The Family programs by Dr. Allen

5.7.6 Reduce bullying and violence in schools and homes.   Development of social media platforms to deliver the violence prevention message  Provision of workshops and counselling sessions to teach persons how to handle difficult situations  Creation of an app and hotline to report instances of abuse and bullying


Equitable access to economic and other opportunities for self-fulfillment where all people are free from poverty and able to thrive.


Goal 7

The Bahamas will be a nation free of poverty and discrimination (including discrimination based on gender, nationality and disabilities)

Strategy 7.1: Achieve Food Security and End Hunger

7.1.5 Expand backyard and community gardening across The Bahamas  subsidised starter kits to support and encourage communities to farm  incentives to encourage CSOs/NGOS to participate in the promotion of agriculture linking the Urban Renewal Programme to community farming and backyard farming

7.1.10 Create policies which incentivise the participation of NGOs/CSOs and other institution in food projects targeted at vulnerable communities -  Policy to expand and incentivise CSO and NGO participation in food projects and to have food projects incubated (for example, Hands for Hunger Fast Food Project and its edible landscape project) drafted and implemented

Strategy 7.2: Full Participation of Poor and Vulnerable Groups in Economic Opportunities

7.2.1 Remove barriers to the formalisation of informal economy workers

7.2.2 Strengthen existing entrepreneurship policies to ensure vulnerable groups have equal access to productive assets such as land and credit -  Microfinance and venture capital institutions established to purposely provide funds for the establishment of businesses Asue model developed into a microfinance model  Laws which encourage microfinance passed and enforced Entrepreneurship Fund for small business startups targeted at vulnerable groups established to encourage selfemployment and to offer training in setting up businesses and managing finances

7.2.5 Implement policies that address gendered poverty to ensure that single mothers and fathers can access the labour market -  a child care services policy for single parents provisions for subsidised costs of care for single mothers through child benefits  Additional public child care facilities constructed within communities, including night care facilities for parents working at night


7.2.6 Promote and implement policies that address gendered poverty to ensure men who have criminal records can access the job market

7.2.9 Provide support services to vulnerable groups so that they can obtain identification documents to allow them to participate fully in society - An NGO established to offer services to assist citizens obtain identification documents

Strategy 7.3: Level Playing Field For Youth to Realise their Fullest Potential

7.3.1 Strengthen education policies to ensure quality education is accessible for all

7.3.2 Strengthen training and apprenticeship programmes targeted at youth -  Incentivised private sector apprenticeship programmes launched

7.3.3 Strengthen and implement the revisions of the national strategy for the reduction of teenage pregnancy -  Existing polices (Education, and Health including, HIV) and legislation (Sexual Offences, Child Protection Act) reviewed and revised and implemented  Integrated life skills education curriculum covering teenage pregnancy issues introduced in schools Apps to help prevent teenage pregnancies and promote youth sexual health created

7.3.4 Provide financial support to young entrepreneurs -  Microfinance and venture capital institutions established to purposely provide funds for the establishment of businesses by youth

7.3.14 Implement policies which provide additional support to civil society organisations that deal with the youth -  Civil Society Fund established to make grants and subventions available to civil society organisations which meet the criteria identified in the CSO/Charities Bill  Policy which encourages harmonization of youth programmes and the participation of residents over the age of 60 years as youth mentors in youth organisations drafted and implemented

7.3.15 Implement the inter Development Bank (IDB) Citizen Security and Justice Programme. -  Crime & Violence evidence based strategy developed and recommendations implemented. Specific objectives of this strategy are to inter alia,: d) prevent youth violence and victimization; e) increase employability of disadvantaged youth

Strategy 7.5: Social Entrepreneurship

7.5 Strengthen Civil Society and position The Bahamas as a leader for social entrepreneurship and a model for development for small islands states through partnerships between government, the private sector and civil society (Partnerships for Goals SDG 17 Target 17.3, 17.16 and 17.17, Decent Work and Economic Growth SDG 8 Target 8.3 and SDG 1 No Poverty Target 1.a) (Also refer to Strategy 7.4) information and know-how to address economic, social and environmental challenges  Increase in number of corporations and firms (domestic and foreign) contributing to community development and eradication of poverty Improved additional tool of good governance 7.4.6 Ensure that new Heads of Agreements with investors include a social responsibility clause, and a community based Impact Benefits Agreement (IBA) Heads of Agreements template reviewed and revised to include a social responsibility clause and an “adopt a community program” Heads of Agreement social responsibility clauses enforced  Increase in number of hotels/resorts partnering with local communities and organsations to address social issues (issues involving children, hunger and poverty) Increase in mentoring and youth development programmes within communities New “adopted communities” Increase in number of volunteers in communities Increase in recreational and park space in communities


Social entrepreneurship is becoming more and more an important component of development. Social entrepreneurs seek to utilise private sector approaches and innovative ideas to find solutions for critical social, cultural and or environmental challenges facing the community. Social enterprises may deliver a market-based good or service but have social aims and community ownership. Social entrepreneurship has become an important model for development as governments are increasingly challenged to provide all services residents, more so in light of the growing inequalities, high levels of poverty and disenfranchisement of large sections of populations. Governments must work in collaboration with other stakeholders to improve the quality of life for all. Risks  Lack of understanding of the role of civil society Need for improve governance in the current structure of many social enterprises Weaknesses in sourcing finance Lack of coordination of efforts Success Indicators 1. Improved social economic conditions 2. Reduction in Poverty levels

7.5.3 Strengthen Civil society and promote social enterprise as a driver of good governance, economic growth and development

A framework for social enterprises and social entrepreneurs developed  Draft NGO legislation revised and passed A Charter and Principle of Engagement agreement based on international best practices for non-for-profits institutions developed  Evaluation and rating of compliance with the charter (conducted by umbrella body or external agency) Education campaigns on the benefits of social enterprise and entrepreneurship conducted  Inclusion of social enterprise and entrepreneurship in school curriculum starting from primary level commenced

7.5.4 Promote a culture of giving and volunteering.  A “gift” regime with associated tax certificates and frameworks that are recognised in other countries created (Ref. Goal 14c Financial Services)  Frameworks for the valuation of and the promotion of donated time, knowledge and skills, things created

7.5.5 Identify potential models for development within civil society and social enterprises that are proven and can be scalable  Establishment of an Evaluation framework for evaluation of potential models for development of issues specific to Small Island States  Regular participation in international conferences and promotion of innovative ideas and models that have proven successful Links between innovative social enterprises, business and research centres (including UoB) promoted

7.5.7 Develop creative high impact solutions for social challenges with special emphasis on technological solutions  Annual competition to find the best innovative idea that meets a significant social need which is scalable can be replicated in different islands held.

7.5.8 Development of a philanthropic clusters, including the clustering of enterprises to create scale and increase their impact  Alliances, and associations for social enterprises created Social enterprise hubs, business parks and networks created Links between social enterprises and for profit business created

7.5.9 Enhance the impact of social enterprise within the public sector  Social enterprise council bringing public sector agencies, local government, private companies and social enterprises together to develop solutions for social problems created  Metrics for social value created. A stamp (brand) for ethical investment and philanthropy created

Strategy 7.6: Develop and Revitalise Marginalised Communities

7.6.7 Develop an affordable/low cost housing strategy for specific groups: a) Single mothers with children b) Families c) Young people d) Elderly e) Disabled whose needs are not met by the market.  Affordable housing policy produced for specific groups49which : Identifies the scale and mix of housing that the local population is likely to need over the plan period Identifies areas where houses/condominiums will be built  Identified needed amenities and infrastructure needed in the target such as day care centres Identifies strategies for allocating the houses/condominiums including eligibility requirements Affordable housing built in identified areas

Goal 12 – Healthy Macro economy

The Bahamas will have a healthy macro-economic environment that supports growth and stability.

Strategy 12.6: Financial Literacy

12.6.1 Introduce financial literacy programmes targeted at students through the educational system and at the general public through a coordinated public education campaign.  Inclusion of financial literacy in the curriculum at each grade level

12.6.2 Introduce policies that encourage personal savings, education saving and retirement saving

Strategy 12.10: Use of PPP to create Sustainable Business

12.10.6 Improve public awareness of PPPs and potential opportunities -  Database of PPP opportunities Public education and awareness campaign

Goal 13: Competitive Business Environment

The Bahamas will have a competitive business environment for economic success that supports business development, innovation, wealth creation, entrepreneurship and job growth.

Strategy 13.3: Financing for Entrepreneurs

13.3.1 Explore options for early stage business financing, particularly in high innovation areas  Launch of policy framework Education campaigns launched on business financing models Single portal developed for small business start-ups…”Where you can go to get what?”

13.3.4 Promote the development of Co-ops and/ or Associations for purchase and financing of infrastructure  Education campaign Strengthening the cooperative legislative framework Incentives provided for use of cooperative framework to upsize production in key industries  Growth of credit unions across the family islands

13.3.5 Improve access to funding for MSMEs, including the Rationalization of government funding sources for MSME  Coordination of the various bodies approving venture capital for business development Introduction of a framework for SME financing  Creation of a venture capital framework Creation of policies to facilitate crowd funding Creation of government guaranteed small business fund to be administered by commercial lenders willing to take a 60/40 stake in the loan  Introduction of a micro-business fund in association with an established private institution (charity) which caters to providing micro finance loans, training and business incubation

13.3.6 Strengthen Entrepreneur encouragement and support programmes, including introducing incubator services for SMEs  Programme designed and implemented that provides the knowledge and advice to build a business plan, access financing, register and launch a commercial enterprise

Strategy 13.8: Up-skilled Workforce

13.8.4 Introduction of new Education centers for specialized skills in areas identified as critical for development industry involvement in the output of the education and training systems.

Creation of the Centers of Learning including: o Centre for Excellence in The Bahamas for specialized certification and skills o Revised BTVI curriculum o Language schools established  Coordination and database of all of the resources available for skills assessment

Goal 14: Diversified Economy Goal

The Bahamas will have a diversified and resilient economy that provides opportunities for the expansion and deepening of existing industries and creation and growth of new high impact industries.

Strategy 14.6 New Products, New Markets, Clusters (Financial Services)

14.6.7. Develop a value proposition around philanthropy and financial services.  Development of a policy framework and value chain study which targets philanthropic and socially conscious investors. The study will cover:  Social Impact Bonds and Funds as an alternative investment product. The use of a SMART fund framework for “Social Investments Funds” Creation of tax exemption certificate/ organisation structure and framework that is transferable and  recognised by other countries similar to the 501c3 structures. Creation of Bahamas “Do Good” Funds


Access to information and experiences that build knowledge and skills for all people at all stages of their lives for personal fulfillment and benefit to society.

Goal 6: Education

Goal 6 The Bahamas will have a best in class, comprehensive and effective education system SDG4

Strategy 6.1: Funding for education

6.1.1 Increase public expenditure on education - At least one computer per child to facilitate the use of ITC in all subjects  Increased number of scholarships, including those for certifications (not all university) in areas identified as critical.

6.1.2 Encourage private contribution/ funding of education -  Sourcing international grants to fund education for vulnerable communities  Increased promotion of international scholarships and grants Development of an Innovation fund to fund the development of educational app, technological tools or other innovations that promote teaching excellence

Strategy 6.3: Education Infrastructure

6.3.2 Establish standards for all government owned libraries, including the required reading materials, informational devices and ICT infrastructure. Special emphasis should be placed on libraries within the Family Islands Well-resourced libraries in all schools including current copies of all required texts.  Wi-Fi enabled libraries at all public schools Promotion of the love of reading and learning All students regardless of status have access to resource material and research tools Access to the internet for students to do research

6.3.3. Ensure that all schools and classrooms have the appropriate ICT infrastructure to facilitate teaching and streaming of educational content  - Access to computers for all students ICT labs at all schools

6.3.4. Ensure that the classrooms are conducive for teaching and learning -  All classrooms are airconditioned or designed to be cool Maintenance program to maintain the AC systems  Sustainable energy programs to power the ICT and AC systems. (Solar or other renewable energy)

Strategy 6. 4: Universal Preschool Education

6.4.1. Institute mandatory Preschool to enhance basic literacy and numeracy for every child

6.4.2 Ensure that there are adequate facilities to facilitate early education utilizing best in class approaches

Strategy 6.5: Improve Basic Education

6.5.1 Ensure that education is universal and inclusive

Students are placed in classes according to their ability and not only based on their age  Creation of functional programs and certificates

for students living with disabilities that cannot reach their maximum potential using the current curriculums  Upgraded facilities at schools which facilitate persons living with disabilities (teachers and students Introduction of distance and/ or online learning programs at all education levels  Bursary or scholarship programs extended to junior and high schools to assist students with financial challenges to stay in school Create minimum standards for home-based schooling, including monitoring of students  Development of school lunch programmes in public schools (not means tested) National high school textbook loan scheme programmes School bussing programmes

6.5.2 Strengthen programmes which deliver education through non-traditional methods (i.e. Use of technology) - Develop and encourage the use of educational apps which target basic education

6.5.3 Strengthen and increase afterschool and adult education programmes -  Free afterschool tuition programmes in Mathematics and English Student/Adult “learn to Read” programs  Adult education programs to facilitate post high school study for BGCSEs Summer reading programmes

6.5.4 Strengthen and continue initiatives and policy that prevent students from falling through the cracks -  Individualised learning programs for all students Early intervention standards and a ladder of intervention developed  Development of program for persons with minor learning difficulties

6.5.6 Encourage community action to improve literacy and learning outcomes -  Introduction of civil society and public programmes aimed at literacy, book exchanges, etc.  PPP between schools and the private sectors to develop appropriate infrastructure and programmes

Strategy 6.6: Promote STEM Education

6.6.6 Facilitate partnerships with tertiary institutions, business and industry for STEM curriculum and STEM experiences for students  PPP partnerships announced Internship programs and work-study degree programmes in STEM areas

Strategy 6.7: Special Education

6.7.3 Ensure that students with special needs are provided with a number of opportunities to develop their full potential  Introduction of afterschool and summer programmes aimed at students with special needs, including autism Creation of individualised programs for students that take into account their special needs and potential learning outcomes  Development of functional living and learning programmes Introduction of vocational training programmes within special education Extension of the allowable school age to allow persons living with disabilities additional time to complete schooling  School Bus system that allows persons living with disabilities to attend school and access programmes.

Strategy 6.9: Technical and Vocational Education

Improve the accessibility of quality technical and vocational education and apprenticeships to ensure employable skills and to meet the needs of the economy

6.9.4. Develop an apprenticeship program for post- secondary school youth

Strategy 6.10: Work Readiness

6.10.1 Revise the curriculum to more closely meet the needs of the country, including a focus on ethics in the workplace (i.e. honesty and timeliness) and social skills for the workplace.

6.10.2 Ensure that graduates are sufficiently prepared for entry into the workplace

Strategy 6.11: Close learning gaps between Boys and Girls

6.11.5 Revisit the “school term” to consider the introduction of a Summer term or longer terms so as to provide a greater opportunity for teaching.

6.11.6 Improve the access to scholarships, particularly needs based scholarships



Safety of all people from physical and psychological harm, including in virtual worlds; and protection of physical, financial, digital systems.

Goal 3: Respect for the Rule of Law

The Bahamas will have a law abiding society in which rules are respected and communities can thrive

Challenges addressed:

Diminished compliance with the law

Culture of non-enforcement of the law

Unequal access to structured and effective education programmes

Community distrust or lack of social capital within communities

Increase in criminal behaviour

- Facilitate initiatives to encourage a law abiding society.

Strategy 3.1: Law Abiding Society Strategy 3.1 Develop, test and implement policies that encourage the creation of a law-abiding society (Reduced Inequalities SDG 10 Target 10.2 and Peace, Justice & Strong Institutions Goal 16 Target 16.1 and 16.3) Why Important? Public respect for the law is a basic pillar of civic life – necessary for personal safety and social stability, social inclusion and cohesion, and community mindedness and participation.

3.1.1 Introduce collaborative national initiatives to address violence within communities  Series of regular National Roundtables on Violence chaired by Civil Society with participation from multiple ministries, RBPF and communities convened within communities  Monitoring and Evaluation framework designed to conduct ongoing evaluation of initiatives Greater citizen engagement in public policy Greater understanding and acceptance of police and corrections tactical decisions  Increased collaboration on monitoring government and community interventions to reduce crime -

Help facilitate regular National Roundtables on Violence chaired by Civil Society with participation from multiple ministries, RBPF and communities convened within communities

3.1.2 Creation of a National Conflict Resolution Program (with elements of alternative dispute resolution, reduction of automaticity) to be implemented in the high school as part of curriculum with specific programs for boys and girls  A National Conflict Resolution Program drafted and implemented across The Bahamas MOE, MOY, MOSSCD, RBPF RBDF and civil society engagements to share practices for teaching people how to resolve conflicts in a non-violent manner." Civil society has increased awareness and skill in addressing conflict  Reductions in reported violence in families and schools - Host conflict Resolution Program (with elements of alternative dispute resolution - Host civil society engagements to share practices for teaching people how to resolve conflicts in a non-violent manner."


3.1.3 Establish gender- based violence workshops for  Approved curriculum for workshops on gender Detection of infractions increased ShortTerm MOE High/ Low Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 68 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time Frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort educators to create a National Policy in the school system based violence prepared and implemented  Enforcement is consistent Reductions in reported violence in families, workplaces, and schools - Facilitate gender- based violence workshops

3.1.4 Implement a violence prevention curriculum in Junior high school utilizing best practices of jurisdictions with similar violence experience  National Junior High School Violence Prevention Program drafted and implemented Reductions in violent behaviour in schools and neighbourhoods Positive responses to conflicts in schools  School staff able to assist with conflicts - Host establish qualified mentorship programmes

3.2.1 Pilot a voluntary Career-Starts Program  A multi-stage programme that includes the following features designed and implemented to include: 1. 100 males (age 18- 23) broken into 20 groups of 5 with rotations on different modules: 2. Learning module 1: (soft skills: life skills, writing and math, interview skills, anger management) Learning Module 2: (technical skills:  Targeted population develops employable skills and is diverted to prosocial lifestyles Increases in civil society participation by participants Greater workforce capacity Reductions in crime Medium Term – Long Term MOYSC in collaboration with MOE, RBPF,RBDF and Civil Society High/ High Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 70 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort construction/wirin g/painting/tbd) 3. Work programme that focusses on community development (fixing physical infrastructure, maintenance, cleaning, community programmed and leadership of youth)

3.2.3. Establish qualified mentorship programmes  National Mentorship Programme for at-risk Increase in number of service providers, agencies ShortTerm Civil Society Medium/ Medium Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 71 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort youth drafted and implemented

Curriculum to train Service Providers, and agencies and organisations working with the Youth drafted and implemented and organisations with requisite skills

Diversion of participants to pro-social lifestyles

Reductions in criminal activity

Strategy 3.3: Community Participation Strategy 3.3 Strengthen the capacity of communities to participate in creating safe neighbourhoods (Quality Education SDG 4 Target 4.4, Reduced Inequalities SDG 10 Target 10.2 and 10.3, Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 11 Target 11.7, Peace, Justice & Strong Institutions Goal 16 Target 16.1 and 16.a and Partnerships for the Goals, SDG 17 Target 17.16 and 17.17) Why Important? Community involvement is a necessary underlay of reducing crime. The root causes of crime need to be addressed by a holistic review including poverty, education and civil society/communities. Public engagement assists in the creation of public solutions.

3.3.1 Expansion and strengthening of Urban renewal centers which will provide psychosocial (counselling) services, mentoring and positive adult role model programs, conflict resolution training (including schools) and sports for peace training. (IDB Citizen Security and  Study conducted to access ascertain the services provided by the Urban Renewal Programme and recommendations made to strengthen Programme Improved Urban Renewal Centres Increased enrolments Citizen behaviour (problem-solving, resolving conflicts) improved Decreases in social isolation  Increases in social participation ShortTerm COB in collaboration with Urban Renewal Commission High/ Medium Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 73 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time Frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort Justice Program (BH-L1033)  Referral agents more effective in referral advice

3.3.7. Increase the establishment of support groups for persons with disabilities who are victims of Gender-Based Violence (GBV)  A Support group network established within communities Workshops to train service providers convened Increase in social inclusion for participants

3.3.12 Strengthen and/or develop Community Centres and National AfterSchool Programmes to be operated at the community level." (National Advisory Council on Crime “


Strategies for addressing the Nation’s Crime Problem.” pg.13)

Community Centres’ Network created

National After-School Programme policy launched and recommendations implemented

Launch of online Community Centre Network platform

Safety: Citizens use community safe zones that can increase their protection in times of need

Citizens have positive, safe choices when in unsafe circumstances

3.3.13 "Strengthen Rehabilitative Services for all special populations: youth, disabled, substance abusers and persons diagnosed mental illnesses by the use of multidisciplinary support teams." (National Advisory Council on Crime “Strategies for addressing the Nation’s Crime Problem.” pg.13)

Review of Rehabilitative Services offered by all Government agencies and comprehensive Rehabilitative Services Programme drafted and implemented

Quality services without stigma  Discrete interventions

Diversion to pro-social approaches  Increased harmonization of rehabilitative services

Increased access to rehabilitative services for all citizens and residents ShortTerm – Medium Term MOSSCD in collaboration with NIB, MOYSC and Civil Society High/ Low


3.3.14 Provide public education on the long-term negative effects of domestic

School and public service advertisements on domestic violence

Increased awareness of the problem and potential solutions for victims ShortTerm and onMOH in collaboration with MONS High/ Low 77 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time Frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort violence reviewed and revised to better education and inform the public

Higher reporting and conviction rate

Goal 4: Administration of Justice

Goal 4 The administration of justice will be made more efficient, methodical, fair and effective through coordinated action by the police, courts and corrections


4.1.3 Increase the enforcement of low- level infractions Key targets are littering, speeding, dumping of garbage and vehicles, abandoned vehicles, dogs, etc. - Educate citizens on these issues through App with community announcements and videos on ZNS and social media Outcome =  A society with a greater appreciation for obeying rules Cleaner neighbourhoods

4.1.4 Introduce new measures to enable independent  Regulations to give policing investigative bodies necessary  A society with a greater appreciation for obeying rules ShortTerm and onRBPF in collaboration with civil High/ Medium Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 81 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time Frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort investigations and citizen involvement in identifying crimes and perpetrators.

4.1.8 Introduce independent oversight and investigation of police conduct - Greater trust of police by citizens  Increased citizen involvement in the complaints process

4.2.12 Implement the inter Development Bank (IDB) Citizen Security and Justice Programme. Action 4.2.13 to be applied to strategy 4.3, 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6 below and strategy 7.3 of the Poverty Goal  Crime & Violence evidence based strategy developed and recommendations implemented. Specific objectives of this strategy are to: a) prevent youth violence and victimization; b) (ii) increase employability of disadvantaged youth; and c) (iii) improve efficiency of the justice administration system.  Reduction in crime in generally, particularly violent crime Increased social cohesion within communities Safer and more productive communities increase employability of youth and young adults (between the ages of 15 to 35)

4.6.3 Strengthen policies to reduce recidivism - Referrals to Troy's program and Denver Pratt

4.6.4 Expand Job/skills training within the Department of Corrections - leading to Increased availability of suitable job/skills programmes at the Correctional facility  Reductions in recidivism Diversion to pro-social lifestyles Reduced justice system costs over time

4.6.5 Establish Halfway houses - leads to Better reintegration leading to pro-social adaptation  Reductions in recidivism

4.6.6. "Expand the  Correctional Rehabilitation  Increased job prospects Medium DOC in High/ Working DRAFT OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE BAHAMAS For Public Consultation 109 Actions Outputs Outcomes Time Frame Responsible Agency Impact/ Effort educational, vocational and entrepreneurial projects and programmes currently being taught at the Prison, - leading to  Increased job prospects Reduced recidivism Pro-social orientation for released offenders

4.6.8 Provide financial, social and wellness support for released offenders through community programs. - leading to  Reduced recidivism Safer communities


Equitable participation of all people in formal and societal governance that is in accordance with principles of justice and individual rights, free from discrimination and identity-based prejudices, and able to meet the needs of an exponentially changing world.

Goal 1 Modern Open Accountable Government

The Bahamas will have a Modern, Open and Accountable, Service Oriented Government that is well trusted by citizens, residents and the business community


Strategy 1.3: Transparency

1.3.1 Revise and implement a new Freedom of Information Act  Public consultations on the provisions of the existing Bill conducted  Bill redrafted, debated in Parliament and passed Necessary regulations flowing from the Legislation drafted and passed  Staff within Ministries trained on the provisions of the legislation An effective cornerstone in transparent governance – a well written and performing Act that guarantees citizens the right of access to government information - Facilitate Freedom of Information requests

Strategy 1.4: Government Accountability

1.4.4 Create an Office of the Ombudsman  Research, consultation and the design a new public body: the Office of the Ombudsman conducted. Ombudsman’s primary role is to investigate complaints from society on how ministries are implementing their policies or programmes Ministries required to cooperate to facilitate the  A new avenue made available for citizens to register complaints of corruption, or biases or ineffective government services - A new avenue made available for citizens to register complaints of corruption, or biases or ineffective government services to proposed Ombudsman

Goal 2: Well Governed Public Institutions

The Bahamas will have well Governed Public institutions and Engaged Citizens to Strengthen Our Democracy

Strategy 2.6: Civic Engagement

Strategy 2.6 The Bahamas will promote greater civic engagement and education at all levels of society to strengthen democracy (Quality Education SDG 4 Target 4.1 and 4.7 and Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 11 Target 11.4) Why Important? Civic engagement improves public policy by leveraging the knowledge and experience of stakeholders external to government. It gives citizens a voice in decision making, enhanced confidence in the fairness of public policy, and a sense of inclusion within civil society.


2.6.1 Review school curriculum for opportunities to strengthen civic responsibilities, including the following:  Enhance education opportunities, at all levels, on fundamental Bahamian concepts, documents, and processes crucial to civic engagement.  Introduce opportunities for model parliament in the school system at all levels A revised Civics curriculum drafted and approved by the Ministry of Education which covers: the constitution, institutions of government, legislative processes, election processes, key legislation and policy, government processes, budget processes, etc. School policy mandating for the implementation of model parliament in all school systems at all levels drafted and implemented  Young Bahamians have a better understanding of their government and their responsibilities as citizens and become more engaged democratic processes - Provide education on the constitution, institutions of government, legislative processes, election processes, key legislation and policy, government processes, budget processes, etc. Young Bahamians have a better understanding of their government and their responsibilities as citizens and become more engaged democratic processes

2.6.2 Create roundtable opportunities for the business community, civil society, ministers and permanent secretaries to have periodic themebased discussions  2-3 broadly themed roundtable discussions (on various topics e.g., environment, economy, social development) with the participation of appropriate external individuals convened each quarter  Terms of reference for these roundtables and a broad near-term agenda developed Roundtables are established and have their first meeting within 1 year Different elements of civil society work together to identify sound, mutually acceptable approaches to public issues - Provide locations for roundtable opportunities for the business community, civil society, ministers and permanent secretaries to have periodic themebased discussions. Different elements of civil society work together to identify sound, mutually acceptable approaches to public issues.Enhancement of Citizen Engagement in the development of policy or programmes

2.6.3 Strengthen opportunities for modelling National Pride, social and work ethics in school syllabus*( pg. 33), inclusive of a requirement to perform a specified number of hours of public service work annually (e.g., 10-12)  Appropriate syllabus with public service apprenticeship component produced and approved by the Ministry of Education Appropriate recognition of national heroes, communities, key buildings with prominent signage conducted. Interactive websites and public service announcements developed on Bahamian history, symbols, civics.  Interactive network developed to encourage community building volunteer opportunities (i.e. linking volunteers with needs) Bahamian youth develop a better understanding of and pride in their national heritage, and develop a sense of social responsibility - Provide opportunities for Bahamian youth develop a better understanding of and pride in their national heritage, and develop a sense of social responsibility

Goal 7 Poverty and Discrimination

The Bahamas will be a nation free of poverty and discrimination (including discrimination based on gender, nationality and disabilities)

Strategy 7.4: Participatory Governance and Community Engagement

Promote policies which encourage participatory governance and community engagement in policy development and service delivery ( No Poverty SDG 1 Target 1.2 and 1.a, Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 11 Target 11.3, Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions SDG 16 Target 16.6 and Partnerships for Goals SDG 17 Target 17.16 and 17.7 ) (Refer also to Strategy 7.5) Why Important? Participatory governance and engaging citizens ensures that all citizens; voices in particular the voices of those in the grass roots, vulnerable groups are heard and their ideas included in public policy. This ensures that no one is left behind and all communities develop and are strengthened. Risk Assessment 1. A weak civil society (lack of harmonization and lack of technical capacity within NGOs) 2. Failure to implement and enforce legislation to regulate NGOs 3. Failure to reduce rent seeking 4. Lack of government accountability 5. Failure to build the capacity of the Bahamas Investment Authority and other government agencies which set polices for foreign direct investment 6. Failure to involve the elite

Indicators of Success 1. Increased participation of citizens in development 2. More empowered citizens 3. Increased private sector participation in development 4. Stronger local governments 5. Increased perception of good governance 6. Active lobbying and campaigning for change by community members 7. Increase in percentage of community based organisations represented in national and local level decision making 8. Increased perception that citizens are heard and have opportunities to participate in the governance of the country 9. Effective and sustainable structures to include urban poor – i.e. which facilitate consultation and cooperation 10. Development of society in general including marginalized communities 11. Increase in social cohesion 12. Lower crime rates

7.4.2 Improve the legislative framework for Civil Society development

Consultations on draft Civil Society Organisations Bill conducted.  Civil Society Organisations draft Bill revised and passed Non-Profit Organisations Accounting Act passed  Tax legislation and regulations reviewed, revised to incorporate incentives for CSOs


7.4.3 Create an engagement framework for Civil Society Organisations (CSOs)  Civil Society engagement framework that recognises civil society as an integral part of the development process formulated to include:  the design of initiatives that will enhance and incentivise collaboration and learning between CSOs and governance institutions

7.4.4 Strengthen volunteer programmes organized by CSOs  Formulate a National Volunteer Strategy Online Volunteering website created to centralise community volunteering opportunities




Adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or significant sources of stress — such as family and relationship problems, serious health problems or workplace and financial stressors.

Goal 11: Natural Environment

The Bahamas will have a natural environment that supports the long term sustainable development of the Bahamian economy and way of life for generations.

Strategy 11.1 Researching and Implementing Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures

11.1.1 Invest in science, technology, innovation and research on climate change -  Strategic partnerships formed with national and international agencies, civil society, think tanks, academia with expertise in climate change for Small Island Developing States

11.1.2 Incorporate climate change adaptation and mitigation measures into public education, planning and budgetary processes - Education and training:  Climate change adaptation and mitigation curriculum for public awareness campaigns developed and used in targeted outreach programmes

Strategy 11.2: Integrate Disaster Risk Reduction in Development Policies

11.2.1 Incorporate comprehensive disaster risk management strategies for disaster response

Strategy 11.4: Implement a Modern Waste Management Strategy

11.4.6 Promote re-use, recycling and recovery -

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